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Showing posts from September, 2018

Derivation of Participles

Participles are a kind of adjective formed from a verbal base. Like verbs, they divide into Present, Past and Future; and each group can again be divided into Active and Passive (voice). Being in the nature of adjectives most decline in the three genders - agreeing with their nouns (subjects), in number, gender and case. . So in Pali, we have seen there are roughly six kinds of participles: Past Passive Participles, Past Active Participles, Present Passive Participles, Present Active participles, Future Passive Participles / Gerundive & Indeclinable Participles, In this post we are going to look at how the declinable participles are formed (that's the first 5 above). There's going to be a lot of tables of endings and I apologise now for this. But it's an area where the tools (DPR & Pali Lookup) often fail. All the participles are composed of three components: verb root/stem + participle suffix + nominal (case) ending. In the previous post we saw

A Theory of Pali tense

This post is mainly to elaborate on terminology describing verb conjugation in Pali grammars. One of the main problems facing the novice student learning Pali is understanding the many terms and technical phrases littering the grammar guides. So this is my attempt to clear up what's going on. The theory of Pali verbs as described in the mainly Victorian Pali grammar guides employs Latin grammatical terms to describe the system detailed by early grammarians who themselves are usually following Paninian Sanskrit. No wonder then that the modern reader can often feel overwhelmed. So here's my explanation of the Tense system as described in certain grammar guides.